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Make a parallax effect with 10 lines of JavaScript

In this post, we're going to make a nice Parallax effect with HTML, CSS and just 10 lines of JavaScript.

You can check it live here

HTML

As you can see, we start by wrapping our elements in the main tag.

<main>
  <header>
    <div class="container">
      <i class="fas fa-5x fa-laugh"></i>
      <h3>Welcome</h3>
      <p>Scroll to see how cool i am!</p>
    </div>
  </header>

  <section>
    <h3>Cool like you</h3>
  </section>
</main>

Then, we use two tags to make the parallax effect. The first tag, header holds the elements displayed when the page loads, and the second one, section will be fired on scroll to start the effect.

CSS

As usual, we start by doing some resets, and import the needed font.

@import url("https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Courgette:400,700&display=swap");
* {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

body {
  background: linear-gradient(135deg, #0056a7, #165fa3, #477aaa);
  font-family: "Courgette", cursive;
}

header {
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;
  flex-direction: column;
  position: relative;
  height: 100vh;
  color: #eee;
  z-index: -1;
  text-align: center;
  animation: fadeIn 1.5s ease-in-out;
}

Then, we use position:relative to be able to control the position of the header tag, and when the effect will start the property z-index:-1 will place the header tag behind the section element.

section {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  z-index: 1;
  height: 100vh;
  font-size: 5rem;
  background: #fcdb6d;
  color: #0056a7;
}

Here, we use the opposite for the section selector, by assigning the z-index property to 1 to literally place the section tag above the header when we start scrolling.

.animate-me {
  animation: bounceIn 3s ease-in-out;
}

@keyframes fadeIn {
  from {
    opacity: 0;
  }
  to {
    opacity: 1;
  }
}

@keyframes bounceIn {
  0% {
    transform: scale(0.1);
    opacity: 0;
  }
  60% {
    transform: scale(1.2);
    opacity: 1;
  }
  100% {
    transform: scale(1);
  }
}

And last but not the least, we make some animations for the elements entrance. With the bouncing effect for the section and the fading effect for the header. The class animate-me will be added to the section later through JavaScript.

JavaScript

We'll finally make the magic happen with JavaScript, to be able to make the parallax effect when we scroll.

window.addEventListener("scroll", function() {
  const distance = window.scrollY
  document.querySelector("header").style.transform = `translateY(${distance *
    1}px)`
  document.querySelector(
    ".container"
  ).style.transform = `translateY(${distance * 0.3}px)`
  setTimeout(() => {
    document.querySelector("section h3").classList.add("animate-me")
  }, 400)
})

As you can see here, we listen to the scroll event to start the effect.
Then, we assign to the constant distance the amount of scroll through the Y axis(vertically). And select the needed elements from the DOM and access to the transform property.
With that, we can now use the translateY value to dynamically give a value to translateY. The value differs between header and its child element container to just have a more smoother effect. Then, we finish up everything, by adding the animate-me class for the section title for the bouncing effect.

That's all folks!

You can check it live here

fullscreen-slider